Human resource for health services has been described as the "heart of the health system in a country" (National Health Policy, 2018). Human resources or health workers means all those responsible for providing the essential services of public health directly or indirectly regardless of the organization in which they work. The human resource consists of a range of health workers such as specialists, Doctors, staff nurses, and labs: Tech, X-ray Tech, Second ANM, MPWs, and Pharmacist. Health workers have been defined as the "generation of people trained to promote health, prevent and cure diseases, and rehabilitate the sick" (Mehta, 2013). The essential functions required to be carried by the trained health workforce thus include:
- promotive health,
- preventive health,
- curative health,
- Rehabilitative health.
According to the World Health Organization, the recommended doctors to population ratio is 1:1000. However, as per the information provided by the Medical Council of India, the current ratio for India is 1:1668. The WHO recommends the ideal Dentist-population ratio is 1:7500, whereas the World Health Statistics says India has a ratio of 1:10,000 in urban areas and 1:1, 05,000 in rural areas. The WHO recommends a ratio of 1:500, whereas INC data says India's nurse-to-population ratio is 1:475, including registered nurses, midwives, and lady health visitors (NHP, 2017).